The Capture of the Bushwhacker, Carlin.

We were called upon, yesterday morning, by a gentleman from Carrollton, Greene county, who furnished us some additional information in reference to the capture of the rebel bushwhacker, Carlin, reported in our last. The capture was made near the Jersey and Greene county line on Monday morning, the bushwhacking party having but recently established their camp there and commenced operations by stealing the horses of citizens. Our informant awards to the law-abiding people of Greenfield and Eastern Precinct, in the Southeastern part of Greene county, with Assistant Provost Marshal Hackney, all the credit of making the arrest, though the people of Whitehall and Carrollton would gladly have joined them. [It is proper to say that a report published in the Alton papers claims for a posse from Jerseyville the credit of having made the arrest, though the fact that Carlin was lodged in jail at Carrollton would seem to imply that he fell into the hands of citizens of Greene county — though the citizens of both counties may have had something to do with the capture.] It is believed that Carlin's wound is mortal.

The Copperhead sheriff of Greene county, though earnestly appealed to assist in making the arrest, as we are informed, utterly refused to do so, on the plea that it was the duty of the military authorities to act in the matter. And yet, when the military authorities do act in such cases, this class of men cry out "arbitrary arrest," and say that the civil authorities should make all arrests in Illinois. What other inference can be drawn from such disregard of duty, than that those guilty of it are in sympathy with the outlaws whom they thus attempt to shield? It is certainly a new principle of jurispudence which declares that a horse-thief cannot be arrested by the civil authorities, if he is at the same time a rebel bushwhacker. To obtain complete immunity from arrest on such a principle, all the rebel bushwhackers and guerrillas in Missouri have to do, is to go into some peaceful community where there is no military force, and they may ply their trade "without let or hindrance," being above civil law.

At the time the descent was made on Carlin's camp, there are reported to have been about twenty guerrillas in it. The full force of the party, however, is unknown. The true name of the desperado called Henderson is said to be Harrison. He is a native of Carrollton, but has been carrying on the trade of a rebel guerrilla in Missouri since the war began.

We are informed that the law-abiding citizens of both parties in Greene county are heartily united in their determination to put down these lawless predatory bands. Self-preservation impels them to this course, and their success in this their first attempt, may not only be regarded with profit by the people of Montgomery and Fayette counties, who have so long been afflicted by the presence of a branch of these rebel plunderers, but may serve as a wholesome warning to the plunderers themselves and their sympathizers.

We are informed that a party of the citizens of Whitehall made a descent on Monday night last upon a depot for rebel bushwhackers on the premises of a widow Doyle, about three miles west of Whitehall, for the purpose of capturing a guerrilla believed to be there. When they arrived the "bird had flown," or had been successfully concealed, but they secured his horse, sadddle and false whiskers, beside ten pistols and six double barreled shot guns.