From the Fiftieth Regiment.

LYNNVILLE, Tenn., March 7th, 1864.

Editors Whig & Republican:

The 50th Illinois veteran volunteer regiment arrived here safely last Saturday evening. They were nearly seven days on the way. The trip was very tedious and tiresome. We were furnished miserable cars from Quincy to Louisville. I think it the duty of the military authorities to see that better accommodations are provided by carriers for the soldier. Our men suffered very much from Quincy to Louisville with cold. On this part of our journey the soldier had no fire. From Louisville to Nashville he had fire when it was less needed. No accident occurred till we got within a few miles of the end of our journey, one of the cars got off the track when some 200 soldiers jumped from the cars. Wm. Likes, Co. D, had his ankle broken and S. Musgrave had his face hurt. This is the second accident in a few days. Several cars were thrown from the track four miles beyond Pulaski on Friday; several men were badly hurt. The road is hardly yet in running order. We found the boys who were left here generally well. Only one man very sick and he now dangerous. Several have sore eyes. George Clarke, Co. H and John Shull, Co. K died while we were home. The boys who were left have had a good time and all look well and appear in good health. They are busy fixing plans in which to dwell. Our stay here will no doubt be short. It will not be long till we move to the front. Rumor says we will go to Decatur soon. It has been and perhapt now is held by rebels. There has been a great excitement here while we were absent. Robbery became the order of the day. Citizens, soldiers and scouts were engaged in it. Many who were nominally in military employ used their position to perpetuate and commit crime and some who wear Uncle Sam's uniform were engaged in it. Gen. Dodge found out what was going on and made a descent upon the thieves and robbers and brought to justice all who could be caught. There seems to have been a combination reaching from the Tennessee river to Duck river. These thieves as soon as a farmer sold his cotton were ready to pounce upon and take his money from him. It is represented as a reign of terror for a time.

A great change has taken place here in the minds of the citizens on the subject of rebellion; very many of them are taking the Presidents amnesty oath. Nearly all are doing so. They don't like Johnson's oath, perhaps because they don't like the man, but I think because the oath is a little tighter than the President's. The President requires them to abide by proclamations — Johnson requires them to approve of them.

The vote however is much stronger than could have been expected. In the election of Saturday last in Giles county, 933 votes were polled. Before the war they polled 3,000. There are not less than 1,000 men now absent in war, which shows near one half loyal voters. I think the people here are now determined to be loyal. A Dr. Matthews of Munay county, on the day of election, came to the polls threatening what he would do with all who voted. Their names should be sent to the rebel army. Col. Bane has the fellow now in bonds. He should be sent beyond the lines as the lightest punishment for such an offence. I meet here a young lawyer who went into the rebel army because of the pressure of public sentiment. He was poor. Had nothing but his profession. He lost both eyes from a gun shot wound. He belonged to a company called the Martin Guards. They were fitted out by Thomas Martin, of Giles county, one of the richest men in the confederacy. Wonder if Martin will be made to foot the bill of his misfortune. He ought to be made to do so.

Our recruits are now undergoing trials common to their class. Some have mumps and some have measles. All have been vaccinated. We will no doubt have a good deal of sickness this season. Our surgeons are making preparations for whatever may come.

From information just received, there is nothing positive about our movement.

M. B.