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Great Battle in Tennessee.

Beauregard Attacks Gen. Grant at Pittsburg Landing.

DESPERATE FIGHTING AND IMMENSE SLAUGHTER ON BOTH SIDES!

THE UNION TROOPS FIRST GIVE WAY TO SUPERIOR NUMBERS, BUT ARE RE-INFORCED AND DRIVE BEAUREGARD BACK TO CORINTH, MISS.

Special Dispatch to the Chicago Times.

CAIRO, April 8.

On the 6th the rebels attacked our lines at Pittsburg with an overwhelming force, driving our troops in somewhat from their advanced position.

Gen. Wallace brought his column rapidly into action.

Simultaneously with this movement Gen. Buell arrived in person, with one or two divisions of his army.

As we learn, at early dawn, Gen. Grant made an attack on the rebels, which lasted nearly all day. The enemy were completely repulsed. The loss is said to be heavy on both sides.

Information has reached here to-day that on Sunday, the 6th, the rebel force under Beauregard attacked our forces under Gen. Grant, and that the battle raged all day.

Our lines were driven in by the attack, but, as the reserves were brought into action, the lost ground was regained, and the rebel army was repulsed with terrible loss of life. Our loss is very heavy. No particulars are known yet.

ST. LOUIS, April 8.

To the Secretary of War:

The enemy attacked our works at Pittsburg, Tenn., yesterday, and were repulsed with heavy loss. No details given.

(Signed) H. W. HALLECK.

WASHINGTON, April 8.

The following message was received by the Secretary of War this evening.

"On the 6th, the rebels in overwhelming force attacked us at Pittsburg Landing.

The battle lasted from morning till late in the afternoon, and resulted in a complete defeat of the rebels, with a heavy loss on both sides.

Gen. Grant is following up the enemy. Gen. Buell has arrived on the Tennessee. Two divisions of his army are with General Grant."

FORTRESS MONROE, April 8.

A Norfolk paper of this morning has a dispatch from Mobile, dated the 6th inst., announcing the reception of news from Corinth that morning of a great battle; that the Confederates had taken eight Federal batteries and a large number of prisoners. It was expected that the whole Federal army would be swept away.

The forces under Gen. Grant were conveyed up the Tennessee River some weeks since, and were stationed at various points on the river at and near Pittsburgh (the Corinth "landing"), in such a manner as to be easily concentrated. This army consisted mainly of the troops who served under Grant at Fort Donelson. They could not number less than fifty thousand men. But this force was to be largely reinforced by divisions from Gen. Buell's army in Central Tennessee. These troops left Columbia, forty miles from Nashville, on the 26th of March, for Savannah, on the Tennessee River, 82 miles distant, 50 of which were over a turnpike, but the remainder over bad country roads. Gen. Buell left Nashville on the 28th ult., with a strong mounted escort, and intended to overtake and precede his force. On the 3d of April the advance of Buell's army was expected to reach Savannah, on the east bank of the river, nine miles from Pittsburgh. Our advices from Savannah of the day preceding represent it but one day's march from that place. Yet it appears not to have joined Grant until Sunday, the day Beauregard made his attack.

Pittsburgh, where the battle was fought, is on the west bank of the Tennessee River, in Hardin county, Tenn., about 9 miles from Savannah, the county seat, and 20 from Corinth. It is a mere landing-place on the river for the back country, and has half a dozen log cabins. A good road, leading from there to Corinth, over a pleasant rolling country, with few obstacles to the movements of a large army, was probably the cause of its selection as the headquarters and camping place of the main body of Grant's army.

LATER DISPATCHES.

Union Loss Stated at from Five to Eighteen Thousand.

DESPERATE SLAUGHTER OF ILLINOIS OFFICERS — GEN. PRENTISS TAKEN PRISONER.

Rebel Gen. Johnson Killed, and Beauregard Loses an Arm!

CAIRO April 10.

The most desperate battle ever fought on this continent came off Sunday and Monday last at Pittsburg, Tenn.

The loss on both sides was terrible. Our killed are supposed to number 1,000, and and the wounded from 3,000 to 4,000. The loss of the enemy greatly exceeds ours. — The enemy drove our forces in step by step, on Sunday, to Pittsburg, a distance of five miles. The battle lasted all day.

On Sunday, at about 4 P. M., Gen. Nelson, of Gen. Buell's division, arrived with his command. His arrival probably saved Grant's army from being cut to pieces.

Sunday night, after the battle, General Grant formed his troops in line of battle on the bluffs around Pittsburg. Early Monday morning, Beauregard recommenced the attack with the greatest impetuosity, expecting to complete an easy victory, but our gallant men stood the shock, and soon began to advance driving the enemy slowly. At 2 o'clock P. M. the enemy broke and fled. Great disorder prevailed, and a perfect Bull Run retreat occurred. Our cavalry, from three to five thousand followed up the pursuit, and it is supposed will take a large number of prisoners.

The enemy surprised Prentiss's Brigade which was in advance about five miles beyond Pittsburg, on Sunday morning at five o'clock, taking two regiments prisoners including General Prentiss.

The fight lasted all day, the enemy driving our troops back with fearful loss. Gen. Buell, with Nelson's Division, arrived at 4 o'clock, P. M., and turned the tide of battle. The enemy, commanded by Beauregard and Polk, suspended the attack at 6 o'clock, at night.

On Monday morning our troops having rested all night, were reinforced by Nelson's Division, and, being supported by the gunboats, rallied, and, driving the enemy back, regained their former position completely [unknown] the rebels, who broke and were in rapid flight, closely pursued by several thousand of our cavalry. The battle on Monday was attended with great slaughter. Gen. Grant formed our army in line of battle on the hills around Pittsburg, pouring volley after, volley into the enemy, following them up at the point of the bayonet and driving them back step by step. — Our victory is complete.

Gen. McClernan's Division was at one time completely surrounded by the enemy, but the troops succeeded in cutting their way out.

Col. Hall, of the Fourteenth Illinois, is said to have been killed while gallantly leading his regiment in a charge on the enemy. Six of our batteries were taken on Sunday, but were all retakes on Monday, besides some forty of the enemy's guns.

Col. Peabody of the 25th Missouri, had a hand shot off, and is taken prisoner. Two-thirds of his officers were lost, and most of his men taken prisoners.

Beauregard was so certain of having bagged our whole army on Sunday that he ordered his men to preserve all the camp equippage, &c., taken from our forces, which was subsequently retaken in good order.

Three transports filled with wounded are coming up the river. Auditor Dubois and Col. Belzer left for Pittsburg this morning to look after the wounded, provision for which has been made by Governor Yates.

General McClernand displayed great gallantry on the field. Under the heaviest fire he was as cool as if he were on dress parade. The men in his division are enthusiastic in their praise of his bravery and generalship. Gen. Smith is sick at Savannah. General Wm. H. L. Wallace, formerly of the Eleventh Illinois, was mortally wounded, and has since died.

Our gunboats rendered great service in shelling the enemy in their desperate charges on our left against Gen. Sherman. In this attempt to get within our lines it is supposed they would have succeeded had it not been for the gunboats.

General Prentiss, in command at Cairo early in the war, was wounded and taken prisoner on Sunday early in the battle.

Gen. Grant was wounded in the ankle, slightly. His gallantry was conspicuous during the two day's fighting. He led in person the irresistible bayonet charge of five regiments on Monday afternoon, which drove the enemy from the field.

The General Johnson reported killed is the same rebel General whose rumored capture at Fort Donelson created a remarkably good feeling at the North. He is a Texan, and served for many years in the Federal army, his principal reputation being based on his command of the Utah expedition. Beauregard is reported wounded, having lost an arm by a cannon ball.

THE VERY LATEST.

Major Kuykendall, of the 31st Illinois, who left the field of action at Pittsburgh on Monday evening, reports that Gen. Johnston was killed and Beauregard was wounded, a cannon ball having shot his arm off.

There has been no arrival from the Tennessee since early this morning, but one is expected every moment.

There is a rumor by way of Paducah that our forces occupy Corinth, and that the enemy is completely routed.

We have taken a large number of prisoners. Carson, the scout, was killed early in the engagement.

Lieut. Col. Canfield, of the 72d Ohio was killed, and his body has arrived here.

The slaughter is immense. Our loss in killed, wounded and prisoners cannot be much short of 18,000; while the rebel loss must be still greater. This is founded on reliable information.

THE BATTLE-GROUND.

Pittsburgh, Tennessee, the scene of the bloody and decisive battles of Sunday and Monday last, is situated on the west bank of the Tennessee River in Hardin county, 219 miles from the mouth of the Tennessee River. The town contains but half a dozen houses, and, prior to the war, owed its little importance to the fact of its being a landing on the Tennessee used by the people of Corinth, Purdy, and the adjacent country. It is connected with both these towns by good roads.

THE KILLED, WOUNDED, AND PRISONERS.

Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, of Ottawa, Ill., commanding Smith's Division, owing to the illness of that officer, was mortally wounded, and has since died. Gen. Wallace was in the Mexican war, and served as adjutant of the gallant Hardin's regiment, and was near to that lamented officer when he fell at Buena Vista. When the rebellion broke out Gen. Wallace was among the first to enlist, and was elected Colonel of the 11th Illinois Regiment. During the summer he has been Acting Brigadier General and commanding the post at Bird's Point most of the time.

Among the Federal officers killed were Col. Canfield, of the 72d Ohio; Col. Pegram, acting Brig. General; Col. Ellis, of the 10th Illinois; Maj. Godard, of the 15th Illinois; Major Page, of the 57th Illinois; Col. Hall, of the 16th Illinois; Capt. Carson, of Gen. Grant's scouts; Major Hunter, of the 32d Illinois; and many other commissioned officers of the Illinois regiments.

Col. Dave Stuart, 55th Illinois. Acting Brig. General, was shot through the breast on Sunday. Col. Chas. Crafts, 31st Illinois, Acting Brigadier General, was shot through the shoulder, not dangerous; Col. I. N. Haynie, 43th Illinois, wounded slightly; Lieut. Colonel Ransom, 11th Illinois, wounded badly in the head; Col. Mason, 71st Ohio, slightly; Maj. Faton, 18th Illinois, Acting Colonel, fatally; Major Nevins, 11th Illinois, wounded slightly; Captain Irving W. Carson, Gen. Grant's scout, head shot off by a cannon ball; Capt. Dillon, 18th Illinois, killed; Capt. Mace, 5th Illinois killed; Captain Carter, 11th Illinois killed.