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Eastern and Western Commerce.

It really seems that the rapacity of the eastern states will never be satisfied. Not content with their enormous profits on government contracts, they are endeavoring still further to enrich themselves at the expense of the west by imposing taxation and restrictions upon our commerce. St. Douis is infested by officials appointed by the treasury department, whose sole business is to obstruct instead of facilitating legitimate trade between loyal citizens on the route of the Mississippi.

The system of permits ought to be abolished as soon as possible; they are obnoxious in themselves, and are rendered more so by the favoritism with which they are granted. But what can be said in justification of the following official notice, issued by order of the treasury department:

CUSTOM HOUSE, ST. LOUIS, July 25.
Until further instructions from the treasury department, merchandise will be permitted to go to New Orleans by paying five per cent. on the invoiced value thereof. Steamboats clearing for that port will be required to enter into bonds, with good and sufficient securities, to be approved by the collector, in the sum of $20,000, that no merchandise will be landed at points not designated on the manifest.
R. J. HOWARD, Collector.

Whence does Mr. Chase derive his authority to place a tariff on the internal domestic trade of the United States? Why are shipments from New York to New Orleans permitted to go free of duty, while citizens in St. Louis are required to pay a tariff of five per cent.? Is it the higher law or the constitution of the United States that sanctions this assumption by Mr. Chase of the power to levy a tariff on the interchange of commodities between the states? Are these trammels on our own commerce calculated to develop the resources and increase the wealth of our heavily taxed citizens? When will Mr. Lincoln, a "western president," see that these abominable and unbearable partialities to the prejudice of western interests cease, and that the people of the Great West, who have demonstrated that they form the real strength of the Union, derive some of its benefits? We supposed that when we had, by our own unaided efforts, opened the Mississippi, we would be allowed to enjoy the fruits of our labors. But Mr. Chase says no; you must be still further taxed to promote the interests of eastern capitalists, and Mr. Lincoln, "our own president," says — just nothing at all.