Letter From Sergeant Jobe.

CAIRO, July 4 1861.

Dear Col.: — The Argus came to hand this afternoon, containing the interesting letter of Corporal Harson, together with an extract from the letter of my young friend, Irwin Moore, to his father. I must say that what these two young gentlemen say in regard to the state of our company is too true. I have, until the present time, refrained from saying anything on the subject, but I must say that the reports gotten up by certain individuals in Rock Island and circulated among the men in our company are calculated to make a bad impression and create great dissatisfaction, for I know there is not a man in our company, three months or three year men, (the latter class, however, being rather scarce) who, when he started from Rock Island did not believe that ere three weeks rolled over his head although green, undrilled volunteers, we would be in active service, and, before this, the anniversary of American independence, we would have been engaged in at least half a dozen battles, and fought our way from this to the city of Memphis. We were all willing and ready, and if we have not earned eleven dollars per month since we have been in the service of the government, whose fault is it? Who saved the city of Washington from the hands of the rebels? Who checked the progress of the enemy and secured and held our most important points on the Mississippi and Ohio rivers? Who protected our railroads from being torn up and destroyed by a southern foe? Any man possessed of the least degree of humanity, or who has any regard for the feelings of the men, who through patriotic motives, and love of their country, enlisted for three months, that being the time specified when they enlisted, will promptly answer, the three months volunteers!

It is pretty hard, and cuts the boys to the very quick, to think, now they have done all that was required of them, that they should be ridiculed and called "weak kneed" volunteers, merely because some of them, for reasons best known to themselves, desire to return to their homes, to see their wives, their mothers, fathers, brothers and sisters, before binding themselves for three years, or during the war, not knowing what may transpire after arriving at home to prevent them from returning. There are men in our ranks, married men, whose circumstances are such that they cannot possibly enlist for three years; and there are also young men in our company, who have widowed mothers, depending upon them for support, who will also be compelled to return home. There are married men in our company form Rock Island, Coal Valley, and other places in Rock Island and Henry counties, among whom I might mention the names of Messrs. Howard Hartly, George Melvin and James Johnson, of Rock Island, and Mr. Thomas Jackson, of Coal Valley, whose wives are unwilling that they should enlist for three years. These men are not cowards, but brave and patriotic, and, as true husbands and fathers, are compelled to return home at the expiration of the three months, not being willing to do anything contrary to the wishes of those so near and dear to them as their wives and children.

There are some of us, of course, young men, who have nothing particular to hinder us from enlisting and going forth in defense of our country, and those of us so situated will doubtless do so, at some time.

We have been humbugged beyond measure for several weeks, sometimes being told that we would be paid off and permitted to return home before being sworn into the service, it only requiring thirty men to save the company, with the privilege of electing new officers, (which, by the way, seems very desirable,) before we were sworn in; now, we are informed that we, (that is, those willing to enlist for three years,) have to be sworn in before returning home, not having the privilege of electing officers before the company is filled up, the three months troops having to remain here until the return of the full company. I cannot say how many will return home under these circumstances, for the purpose of recruiting; but my opinion is that the number will be few. This is all I have to say on this subject at present. I do so in justice to the members of our company, who seem to think they have been dealt with harshly, and I know, not without good reason, judging from the reports in circulation. I am sorry that anything has to be said on any such subject, but such is the true state of affairs.

The glorious old Fourth was celebrated in in this place in a becoming manner, by torchlight processions, speeches, firing of cannon, &c. Our camp, which has hitherto been entirely destitute of trees, there not being a tree within half a mile, now assumes the appearance of a beautiful grove, trees being brought from the neighboring woods by the boys, and planted throughout the camp. — Whilst I write, the cheers from troops, and booming of the thirty-two and sixty-four pounders, stationed on the point commanding the channels of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers, are calculated to make a man possessed of the least spark of patriotism, (and we don't have any but true patriots in this renion) feel doubly patriotic, and look upon this day as one that should ever be held sacred by every American, and celebrated with due respect for the signers of that document which declares us a free and independent nation. We are destined to be a free and independent nation. We will be free.

Yours respectfully,
WM. F. JOBE, U. S. Army.