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The Corinth Evacuation.

Full Particulars.
The Rebels Leave Nothing of Value!
SUNDAY NIGHT DISPATCHES.
> [Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]

>

CAIRO, June 1,

From an officer of an Iowa regiment, who arrived at Cairo yesterday on the steamer City Belle, I have received an interesting resume of the movements of the Federal army before Corinth which I briefly reproduce, that the readers of the Tribune may form an intelligent idea of those important events which on Saturday culminated in the evacuation and occupation of Corinth.

On Saturday the 17th inst., eight days after our reprise at Farmington, orders were issued for a general advance of the entire army. The particular division whose movements I propose to chronicle, is that of Gen. Pope, similar to general outline, except as to particular incidents, which I may relate to those of the entire line.

At four p.m. the town was reached, and immediately a strong force was detailed from the different regiments composing the brigade, to dig rifle pits and throw up earth works. Three were ready for occupancy by midnight and the hundred thousand troops slept on their arms behind the entrenchments until daybreak. Sunday morning siege guns were planted and masked with green boughs; parapets constructed, and the army ready for business. During Sunday and Monday there were picket firings and skirmishing with a body of rebel cavalry concealed in a piece of timber on our left. Monday night and Tuesday were characterized by similar demonstrations.

We were now close to Corinth; so near that during the night we could see the signals sent us by the commanders of the different corps of the rebel army; hear the falling of trees, the building or destruction of bridges in the rebel camp; the rumbling of trains as they arrived and departed from the depot, and the shrill whistle of the locomotives, all indicating that unusual demonstrations were being made in the beleaguered city.

On Wednesday there was a trifting skirmish and shells were for the first time thrown toward the enemy and spiritedly returned. — No great damage was done, however.

Thursday, skirmishing and picket firing as usual. It was on Thursday night that Col. Worthington, of the Iowa 5th, the officer of the day for Pope's division, while making the grand rounds to the several picket stations, a little past midnight, was shot and instantly killed by one of our own men.

Friday, there was sharp skirmishing on Gen. Pope's right, and Gen. Nelson's left. — Shells were fired with great rapidity during the day, most of which were out of range; and did no harm. Friday night picket firing was carried on as usual.

On Saturday there was a brisk cannonading on the part of both armies, principally with field artillery. The results were inconsiderable.

Sunday this was renewed.

On Monday the 26th, there was a brisk engagement between the advance of both armies; shot and shell from rebel batteries fell like hail in our ranks, and for a time a general engagement seemed inevitable. This finally subsided, only to be renewed with more spirit on Tuesday.

Tuesday afternoon Col. Purcell, of the 10th Iowa, acting Brigadier General, commanding four regiments from Pope's division, encountered a brigade of rebel infantry, and after a sharp fight, compelled their retreat with considerable loss. We lost eight or ten wounded, but none killed.

On Wednesday, the 28th, there was heavy cannonading during the entire day. At ten o'clock in the morning, a force of Federal infantry were thrown out to plant a 24-pound Parrott gun upon an eminence commanding a piece of timber on our left, which sheltered the rebel regiment, who so continually and persistently annoyed us. The enemy discovering our intentions, advanced a body of troops to take the gun. Our forces were immediately drawn up in line of battle to await their approach. Not a man stirred from the ranks until the enemy approached within fifty yards of our lines, when Col. Purcell ordered the 5th Minnesota to charge bayonets. To a man, with bayonets fixed, they moved forward. It was a magnificent charge. Onward they moved with steady tread and unbroken ranks, heeding not the volleys which were poured into their midst so destructively, what mattered if their comrades were made to bite the dust? What matter if the death-dealing rifle left huge gaps in their ranks? They closed up and marched on. Terribly did they avenge their fallen comrades. Ninety rebels were killed outright in the wonderful charge. — Hundreds were wounded, and the enemy fled in ignoble confusion. A rebel prisoner captured the next day, who was himself one of those most severely wounded, gives this as the Confederate loss. The casualties to the 5th Minnesota did not exceed forty in killed and wounded. This is a new regiment, and this the first occasion they have been able to show the material of which they are made. The result is highly creditable to the gallant freedom-loving Minnesotains. The enemy repulsed, and the gun in position all day long, the woods was shelled and the rebels driven from its shelter.

Wednesday morning a council of war was called, in which all the generals participated. One result reached, was the determination to make a general advance on Thursday. Another, was the conclusion to send Col. Elliott of the 2d Iowa cavalry, with eleven companies of his own command, and eight companies of the 2d Michigan cavalry, upon an expedition to the south of Corinth. His instructions were to leave the left of the federal lines and proceed eastwardly, till near the Alabama line; thence in a southerly direction until he reached a railroad bridge on the Mobile & Ohio railroad, where that road crosses one of the branches of the Little Tombigbee river, to burn the bridge and destroy the railroad for a mile in either direction; thence to move northward, make the circuit of the country around Corinth and report to Gen. Sherman on the right. To the event that he found his progress northward impeded by any considerable Confederate army, he was to make the best of his way to the Mississippi river and join and co-operate with Commodore Farragut's gunboat fleet. It was to cover this movement of Col. Elliott that the entire line was to make a demonstration upon Corinth. Early Thursday morning Col. Elliott started upon his expedition, which, if he has not been captured by the retreating rebels, he has doubtless accomplished before this.

At six o'clock Thursday morning the troops were formed in line of battle with three days' rations in their haversacks. Col. Purcell's brigade made the first attack upon the enemy, which was done with so much spirit that he incontinently fled, abandoning with great precipatancy the rifle pits and entrenchments occupied the preceding night. This was accomplished by eight o'clock.

A heavy fire was then opened along the whole Federal line, which was replied to with great spirit for several hours, after which the enemy ceased, and after a little while all was quiet and we were resting on our laurels. It was at this time, probably, that the bulk of the Confederate troops left Corinth.

Later in the day the bombardment was resumed without eliciting any reply. This was continued at intervals during the night with like results.

Friday morning the idea seemed first to strike the generals that Corinth was possibly evacuated; and scouts were sent forward to ascertain if it were not true. They soon returned with the news and speedily the army was in motion to the music of national anthems. They marched past the rebel fortifications, into the city of Corinth, and soon the glorious old banner was waving from the summit of the court house. As the brilliant folds were unfurled in the glad breese of that bright morning, a loud cheer of exultation leaped from fifty thousand throats, baptising in an ocean of sound the flag of the Union.

An examination of the fortifications showed that their strength had been vastly overestimated. It was the Quaker guns of Manassas' force re-enacted at Corinth. A determined assault would have carried the place at any time, and bagged the enemy. The town itself was barren of men and trophies. Not a gun remained. Everything of value, excepting a small warehouse filled with commissary stores was removed or destroyed, burning buildings and the smoking remnants of provisions and bridges indicated the recent evacuation, and the rumbling of the cars in the distance, almost within the limits of the town, showed how leisurely the rebels had departed.

A cavalry forced, with two pieces of artillery was sent to follow the fleeing confederates, but cavalry is no match for locomotives, and they probably mostly escaped. There was a rumor that 2,000 stragglers had been captured. This is the feast, the enjoyment of which had been so long a time promised to the loyal citizens of the Union — $100,000,000 of money and 10,000 precious lives is a fearful price for the occupancy of a deserted town and the capture of two thousand rebels.

Major Dowe, of the 2d Iowa cavalry, reached here last night of sick leave.