For the Whig & Republican.

Facts about the Fiftieth Illinois.

QUINCY, June 1, 1863.

MR. EDITOR: — The 50th regiment has now been stationed at Corinth nearly a year, and is now doing the provost duty of the town. We are very comfortably quartered in barracks upon the very ground upon which the regiment fought last October, and our camp would, at first sight, more strikingly remind one of a thriving country village than a military encampment. Our camp has been pronounced, by those whose duty it is to inspect the quarters of the army, the best they have yet seen, not only as regards neatness, but the superiority of the work upon the buildings. To this and some other important reasons we can ascribe the present good condition of the Fiftieth.

There have been a couple of important promotions in the regiment of late. Our late Major, Thos. W. Gaines, has been promoted to be Lieut. Colonel, and Capt. Hanna, of Co. E, to be Major. Both of these officers came with their companies to the regiment at Camp Wood, and have been with us ever since; hence it is not surprising that they have the entire confidence of their men. I believe nearly every man in the regiment will coincide with me in this statement.

While in Quincy I have been asked by many what is the feeling of the army on the war question? — that is, the portion of it at Corinth. All such questions as yet I have been able to answer only in one way, viz. that as far as the 50th regiment is concerned its members are in favor of a vigorous and unconditional prosecution of the war until the rebels are willing to lay down their arms and submit to Federal terms; and furthermore, I do not believe there is hardly a man in the regiment who would come back to Illinois until these objects are accomplished. — We, as a regiment, are opposed to any man or set of men who are doing all in their power not only at the South, but at the North, to embarrass the Federal Administration in all its just measures for crushing the rebellion. The very class of men who act in this way ought to take hold and help crush it, instead of finding fault with what is done by the government they have lived and prospered under so long. This fault-finding spirit against certain measures of the government for crushing the rebellion has already no doubt greatly prolonged it, and as long as persevered in will encourage the rebels so much longer to continue in rebellion against this Union. But I will not at present discuss the question of politics or party, and I have not the time if I would wish to do so. But one thing is certain: every American citizen should be for his country in preference to party, and for any or all measures that will bring about the reunion of these States. Had the people at the North but been united from the commencement of this war as the South has been, it would long ere this have been ended; and could the people at the North, even now but become united and rally as one man to the support of our bleeding country, a few months at longest would witness the entire and complete downfall of treason in all its forms, and the Union restored. But let the enemies of this Union combine as they may for its destruction, its triumph will only be retarded for a while, to be, sooner or later, the more complete and glorious.

A triumph is certain. Traitors, take heed and reflect before it is too late with you.