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Latest Telegraphic News.

THE WAR IN VIRGINIA — THE REBELS CROSS INTO MARYLAND — PARTICULARS OF THE LATE BATTLES.

NEW YORK, Sept. 8.

The Times' Washington correspondence says: From one of the Times' correspondents who has just returned from Poolesville, we learn that on Thursday night the rebels commenced to cross with cavalry at or near the mouth of the Monocacy. They brought over two regiments of cavalry, threw across a pontoon bridge, crossed with artillery, and threw out pickets towards Poolesville. On Friday, about 11 o'clock, a column commenced to cross of infantry and artillery. They were crossing in three places besides the bridge, the water being up to a man's waist. No resistance were offered to their crossing. Some cavalry who were watching them were attacked and driven to Poolesville. There the houses were closed and the streets blockaded by the citizens. The farmers fired upon our flying cavalry as they passed. — About dusk Gen. Lee rode into Poolesville at the head of four infantry regiments, and guided by a farmer crossed the Monocacy, and passed along the banks of the stream to Frederick.

A rebel picket captured near Clarksburg to-day says Jackson's force is 40,000. Hon. Henry Lane is here to obtain certain changes in the management of the war in the West.

Advices from Gainesville, about two and a half miles beyond Bull Run, state that the rebel General A. P. Hill, arrived there the day before yesterday with 35,000 men from Richmond. A division under General Walker has left Gainesville for Leesburg.

My informant saw Jackson, Longstreet, and Hill at Gainesville, and counted forty-four pieces of artillery, mostly rifled guns, and none larger than 12 pounders.

At Centreville he saw a few cavalry only, and a battery, which was returning from having "driven the Yankees from Manassas Hill."

One of the Times' correspondents left the vicinity of Fairfax Court House about 4 o'clock this (Saturday) morning. Our pickets are within four miles of that place. The enemy's pickets seem to be within about a mile of Fairfax. A professedly Union man states, that their infantry went off to the left towards Fredericksburg. — The rebel Generals Robert Lee, Hill Stewart, and Fitz Hugh Lee are with the main force. Their wagon trains were crossing the Rappahannock on Saturday and Sunday morning. The farmers are bringing in hay and provisions of all kinds, and giving them away. There is not a loyal man, with one or two exceptions, there. — The women received them with flags and tokens of joy.

The following account has just been received from the Upper Potomac, and is believed to be reliable:

A rebel force is in the neighborhood of Darnestown and Clarksburg, estimated at 3,000, and composed entirely of cavalry. — A body of the enemy, about 1,500 strong, crossed the river last night at White's Ferry, and are supposed to be en route for Frederick, Md. Our troops hold the bridge across Seneca Creek, which was not injured by the rebels on their return from the recent dash on Darnestown. It had been ascertained that Jackson crossed the Potomac.

The Tribune's Washington correspondent says:

The rebel Surgeon who amputated Gen. Ewell's leg told one of our Surgeons that Ewell had since died.

The order for a court of inquiry into the causes of the late reverses has been countermanded.

Aquia Creek was evacuated yesterday. — Fifty-eight cars were burned, and a quantity of stores destroyed. The engines and whatever else could be conveinently carried away were brought to the city. Before the transports got out of sight, a squad of rebel cavalry appeared a mile from the river, and were scattered by shells from a gunboat.

WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.

A gentleman just returned from the late battle field states that quite a number of the hacks pressed into the service on Saturday week for the purpose of conveying the wounded to the city are on the battle field, the rebels having taken their horses, and thus preventing them from returning home.

An escaped prisoner, who was in the rebel's hands four days, says that all the Federal forces at Frederick fell back to Harper's Ferry, but, before doing so, had, on Thursday night, burned the hospital and commissary stores, and removed the sick and wounded. Friday P. M. the rebel pickets extended out as far as Newmarket, eight miles southeast of Frederick. The Federal pickets were withdrawn 16 miles from the same place. The rebels had got possession of two or three cars at Frederick, some of which were loaded with old pontoon bridges.

The intelligence received here last night, and additionally confirmed this morning, of the occupation of Frederick City, Md., by the rebels, naturally excited much surprise, mingled with indignation and alarm. — There was but limited opportunity for obtaining information from that point, almost all the intelligence coming by way of Baltimore. The government authorities received the news early yesterday morning in a written documentary form. Last night immense bodies of troops were in motion for the Upper Potomac and elsewhere, and to-day the military operations continue.

Nearly all the rebel troops have apparently withdrawn from our front. None in large force remain.

There is no doubt that large reinforcements of rebels were yesterday passing from Ashby's Gap, south of Leesburg, as if intending to cross at Snicker's Ferry, which is between Point of Rocks and Edward's Ferry. The rebels move in solid columns — first cavalry, next artillery, then infantry — with baggage in the rear. The people of the valley have contributed to the subsistence of the rebels, and doubtless give them any needed information.

A gentleman who arrived here to-day, having left Frederick between 9 and 10 o'clock last night on horseback, says the rebel force there is estimated at 40,000 men, under Stonewall Jackson. From this gentleman's conversation with rebel soldiers, he derived the impression that one of their objects is to destroy the Northern Central Pensylvania railroad, and other wise operate in that State, having ulterior designs on Washington and Baltimore. — Our informant was glad to leave the neighborhood of Frederick, without caring to remain long to verify his data.

WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.

A paroled prisoner who arrived here to-day, reports that about 150,000 rebels have passed into Maryland, the main body of them over the Monocacy. He had passed through the lines and counted 27 batteries. This statement is believed among military men in this city.

BALTIMORE, Sept. 8.

Nothing further has reached here of the movements of the rebels in Maryland. — There are many rumors, among them one that the rebels are gathering in some place near Westminster, 22 miles from Baltimore. Some officers who have come from thence express the opinion that the rebels design moving on Baltimore.

Gov. Bradford has issued a proclamation calling on the citizens to organize for the protection of the State.

HARRISBURG, Sept. 8.

Gen. Andrew Porter arrived this morning for this purpose of conferring with the Governor as to the best means of checking the enemy in the intended raid into this State. The rebels are said to be entering Pennsylvania in force near Hanover, with the intention, no doubt, of destroying the Northern Central Railroad. Rumors of their advance upon Hagerstown are unfounded. Arms are being rapidly sent through all the counties on our southern border.

Gen. Pope passed through here on his way west this morning.

NEW YORK, Sept. 9.

A special to the Tribune, dated Oakland, Md., Sept. 8, says: There is no direct communication from here with Baltimore. The latest news was brought by an engine from Harper's Ferry to Cumberland, thence westward by the accommodation train this morning.

A cavalry skirmish occurred yesterday P. M., near Martinsburg, with what is supposed to have been a rebel reconnoitering force from Winchester. The rebels are said to have been driven back to Winchester with a loss of 40 men.

The Times says editorially that "McDowell is in this city under arrest, as we are informed, on a charge of treason. By whom it is preferred, or on what grounds, we are not aware."

Those who have seen McDowell's letter to the President, making for a court of inquiry, speak of it as a frank, manly, and honest document. He refers to the remark alleged to have been made by Colonel Brodhead, of Michigan, when at the point of death, to the effect that he died a victim to the imbecility of Pope and the treachery of McDowell.

Gen. Banks is in command of the defences of Washington during General McClellan's absence.

Lieut. Col. Kane, of the Bucktail Rifles, has been appointed a Brigadier General.

Secretary Stanton and Gen. McClellan are on such terms that the latter took ten with the former on Saturday evening.

WASHINGTON, Sept. 9.

The reports from the enemy's operations in Maryland continue, as usual, to be indefinite, and for the most part unreliable, though it is certain that he has made no offensive movements towards Washington, as published in the evening papers here. — As near as can be ascertained, the column which has been moved northeast of Frederick was about 15,000 men, and it is evidently destined for a raid for supplies, either in Northern Maryland or Pennsylvania.

The enemy yesterday transferred a large number of baggage wagons across the Potomac, which indicates a permanent location, or else war for the removed of the supplies which the enemy is rapidly gathering.

HARRISBURG, PA., Sept. 9.

The latest information from the border, to six o'clock last evening, says the rebels' pickets were within 12 miles of Hanover, York county.

WASHINGTON, Sept. 10.

Intelligence of the enemy's movements received yesterday is, as usual, contradictory. Reports of the evacuation of Frederick have prevailed, while others, equally reliable, seem to confirm the previous inference that the rebels have manned a large force at that point.

The Richmond papers of late date declare that an army of 150,000 Confederates now threatens this capital. If this be true, half of that number are in Maryland without doubt.

NEW YORK, Sept. 10.

The Washington correspondents of the city journals give the following account of the recent capture of Poolesville:

Two regiments of cavalry under Colonel Farnsworth, and a section of artillery, drove out the enemy's cavalry and artillery. The 3d cavalry charged on a battery posted on the summit of the hill. The rebels got their guns out of the way but lost six prisoners.

The rebels began crossing the Potomac on Thursday, first at the Monocacy, from which they swept down the Maryland side below the fords and ferried opposite Leesburg, driving before them small squads of cavalry which were watching the river. — The enemy had advanced on Friday to Poolesville, and moved out in some force on this side. There were part of three companies of the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry in their front. Observing the rebel approach, they formed in line by platoons, and, by their steadiness of front and skillful disposition, delayed the rebel advance for hours, and finally Lee sent nine miles to the rear for artillery to disperse the force he supposed to be in front of him. Before the artillery our men were of course compelled to retire, and, as soon as their movements in column displayed the weakness of their forces, the rebels gathered heart and came on at a charge. It was two to one, and our men of course retired. The road was clear in the morning, and was counted on for an unobstructed retreat, but, while the manoeuvering in force had consumed the day, some traitor had piled stones at the worst place on the road in such piles that the horse at a gallop would not fail to go down. Enveloped in clouds of dust, the head of the retreating column came down at speed, and, plunging into the rocks, men and horses fell together piled in confusion, and over one another in heaps. The rebels were close upon them, and those who were down could only surrender. — The rebels began firing into and sabering the prostrate men. Some were crushed under their struggling horses. Captain Chamberlain, whose horse had fallen under him, shouted to the rebel leader that his men were helpless, and the firing was ordered to cease. Capts. Maltby and Wells, with most of their men escaped. Captain Chamberlain, with about 20 men were captured; all were liberated next day on parole, and the following day sent off. Gen. Lee made them a speech, advising them to never take up arms again to subjugate the South, declaring that there are and must be two Confederacies on this continent.

PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 10.

The National Intelligencer says that the rebels are falling back from McClellan's front, which has advanced to within six miles of Poolesville.

Reports from York yesterday say that the rebels have not entered York county, but were reported to be at Emmittsburg, on a line not more than eight miles from Gettyburg. They had stationed their pickets six miles from Union Bridge. There are no signs of an approach of the rebels towards Westminster.

Maj. Gen. Heintzelman has been appointed to the command of the forces for the defence of Washington south of the Potomac. The friends of Brig. Gen. Mansfield say he is to be appointed a Major General of volunteers.

A special dispatch to the Bulletin from Harrisburg, represents that all is quiet there. No rebel movements had taken place towards Hagerstown.

A force of our cavalry under Gen. McClellan, captured Boonesboro, in the rear of New Market yesterday.

WASHINGTON, Sept. 10.

The party who left here on Saturday, under a flag of truce for the body of Gen. Bohlen, returned with it to Washington last night. They were the recipients of the kindest attention from the rebels.

HARRISBURG, Sept. 10.

A rebel deserter who arrived at Hanover, Pa., reports the rebels at Frederick, Md., 100,000 strong.

Gov. Curtin has issued an order that, "In view of the danger of invasion now threatening our State, it is deemed necessary to call upon all the able-bodied men of Pennsylvania, to organize immediately for the defence of the State, and be ready for marching orders upon one hour's notice, and proceed to such place of rendezvous as the Governor may direct.

Intelligence of a reliable character is received that the rebels under Jackson entered Hagerstown in force this P. M."

Arrangements for the defence of this city are going forward, and the order of the government issued to-day is considered a just and precautionary measure. It may be the forerunner of an actual call probably soon to be made.